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Learn the Basics of Filet Crochet

Learn the Basics of Filet Crochet

Filet crochet is an effortless technology that can have stunning results. Filet crochet patterns are made up of open meshes and solid meshes with patterns that depict this (so the patterns are charts, not written instructions).

The mesh is made using dual crochet stitches (the solid blocks) separated by spaces (the open blocks). The blocks can be made using 3dc or four dc stitches, depending on the version of filet crochet that you're working. This guide explains both but shows specifically how to . MORE work with four dc filet crochet, since this is the more common of the two methods.

Filet crochet patterns are blocks

The very first thing that you must understand about filet crochet is that you won't have any written instructions for these patterns. You also won't have symbol charts. Instead, you will have grids; the grids will consist of "open" spaces and "solid" spaces. You use dual crochet stitches to create your solid spaces and add chains over skipped stitches to create the open boxes.

three dc vs four dc blocks for filet crochet

Some patterns use four dc to form a block (solid mesh), while other patterns use three dc to form a block (solid mesh).

Three DC Filet Explained: In a pattern that uses three dual crochet (dc) to form each block (solid mesh), each block consists of three dc. When there are two blocks side by side, the blocks share a common dc in the center, so there will be five dc in that group of two blocks. Three blocks side by side = seven dc.

Four DC Filet Explained: In a pattern that uses four dual crochet (dc) to form each block . MORE (solid mesh), each block consists of four dc. When there are two blocks side by side, the blocks share a common dc in the center, so there will be seven dc in that group of two blocks. Three blocks side by side = ten dc.

If you are confused, take a moment to look at the graph charts for filet crochet. Each row consists of blocks. Each block is either open or solid. You use dual crochet stitches to pack in a solid block. You use three dc stitches or four dc stitches, as explained above. Each block shares a solid line with the block next to it so that the last stitch of the very first block is the very first stitch of the next block. That's why two 4dc blocks next to each will not have eight dc but instead will have seven dc, because block one consists of dc stitches 1-4 and block two consists of dc stitches 4-7. They each have four dc stitches but they share the middle one.

Making Solid Crochet Squares in Filet Crochet

On a chart, the X or downright packed in block equals a solid mesh. The symbol shows what this solid mesh would look like on a stitch symbols diagram. To make a solid mesh: dc in next three dc or two dc in next chain space, dc in next dc.

Note: Some stitch keys will call this a block instead of a solid mesh.

The Beginning Solid Mesh (Beginning Block) is made by: ch three (counts as dc), two dc in very first chain space, dc in next dc or dc in next three dc.

Note that many (but not all) filet crochet patterns will . MORE begin and end with an entire row of dual crochet stitches because this gives a nice framework to the pattern.

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Making Open Mesh Squares in Filet Crochet

On a chart, the blank square equals an open mesh. The symbol shows what this open mesh would look like on a stitch symbols diagram. To make an open mesh: ch2, skip next two chains, dc in next dc or skip next two dc, dc in next dc.

Note: Some stitch keys will call this a space instead of a mesh.

The Beginning Open Mesh (Beginning Space) is made by: ch Five, skip next two stitches, dc in next dc.

Calculating your Beginning Chains for Filet Crochet

We have talked about how to create the beginning open and solid mesh stitches but how do you begin the entire project. You need to have a kicking off chain, of course.

Very first, count the number of squares across the very first row that you will be working on the chart. Charts are usually begun at the bottom of the chart. Many edgings are worked sideways (the brief rows) so that the length can be determined as you go along.

Next, determine if you want to work the chart in a three dc mesh or a four dc mesh. three dc mesh . MORE = a mesh containing three dc in each mesh (after the very first mesh, the last dc of a mesh also counts as the very first dc of the next mesh). Four dc mesh = a mesh containing four dc in each mesh (after the very first mesh, the last dc of a mesh also counts as the very first dc of the next mesh).

If working the chart in a three dc mesh , multiply the number of squares across on the very first row of the chart, times Two, then add 1. That's your kicking off chain. Add number of chains for turning chain before commencing very first row: If the very first square on the chart is a solid mesh, then chain three (counts as very first dual crochet of very first mesh). If the very first square on the chart is an open mesh, then chain four (counts as very first dual crochet and the chain-1 of very first open mesh).

If working the chart in a four dc mesh , multiply the number of squares across on the very first row of the chart, times Three, then add 1. That's your kicking off chain. Add number of chains for turning chain before beginning very first row: If the very first square on the chart is a solid mesh, then chain three (counts as very first dual crochet of very first mesh). If the very first square on the chart is an open mesh, then chain five (counts as very first dual crochet and the chain-2 of very first open mesh).

Why there's an add 1 at the end of the commencing chain formula: Because (for a three dc mesh) after the very first mesh, the last dc of a mesh also counts as the very first dc of the next mesh, meaning that you will need two dc for each fresh mesh across the row. This is why you multiply the number of mesh on the very first row of the chart times two. But you need three dc for the very first mesh of that row and after multiplying the number of mesh across very first row times two, there are only two dc allotted for the very first mesh of the row. That's what the add one is for – to bring the number of mesh allotted for the very first mesh of the row up to three dc. The same reason and principle for the add 1 applies to a four dc mesh beginning chain formula.

Beyond the Basics in Filet Crochet

Now you have all of the instruments that you need to finish basic filet crochet chart patterns. However, it's good to know that you can go beyond these basics in filet crochet, just like you can with other unique crochet technologies.

One way to switch things up is to use half dual crochet or treble crochet stitches instead of dual crochet stitches to alter the form and size of the finished pattern.

There are also some advanced crochet stitches in filet crochet, including the long mesh and the . MORE lacet (also called "fancy mesh"), which you can learn if you detect that you want to take filet crochet to the next level.

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